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Hainan: promoting the construction of Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park

2021-3-3 20:00 | Publisher:大香蕉美女直播: admin | see: one hundred and sixty-eight | Comments: 0 | From: China Wood Industry Network

abstract (www.cnki.com) in September 2020, gibbons in Hainan are fond of adding young apes, and the existing population number has increased to 33 in 5 groups. Hainan gibbon is an endemic species of tropical rain forest in Hainan, which is an important symbol of the authenticity and integrity of the tropical rain forest. The emergence of new populations and young Gibbons indicates that the tropical rain forest has been effectively protected

(China Wood industry network )In September 2020, Hainan gibbon likes to add young apes, and the existing population number will increase to 33 in 5 groups. Hainan gibbon is an endemic species of tropical rain forest in Hainan, which is an important symbol of the authenticity and integrity of the tropical rain forest. The emergence of new populations and young Gibbons indicates that the tropical rainforest has been effectively protected and the natural ecological space of Hainan Province is expanding.


Hainan Province has a forest coverage rate of more than 62%, and has the most concentrated, well preserved and largest continental island type tropical rain forest in China. Good ecological environment is a strong advantage of Hainan province's development. The Party Central Committee attaches great importance to and pays close attention to the ecological environment protection of Hainan Province. In January 2019, the sixth meeting of the Central Committee for comprehensive deepening reform deliberated and approved the pilot scheme of Hainan tropical rain forest national park system; In June 2020, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the overall plan for the construction of Hainan free trade port, which takes the construction of national ecological civilization Experimental Zone as one of Hainan's strategic orientations, and the establishment of tropical rainforest National Park as an important task for the construction of Hainan free trade port (hereinafter referred to as "free trade port").


Hainan Province has implemented the requirements and decisions of the CPC Central Committee. In the construction of the free trade port, Hainan Province has identified the construction of tropical rain forest national park as the first of the three major signs of Hainan's construction of national ecological civilization experimental zone. It has vigorously promoted the pilot work, closely around the pilot scheme, put the integration and innovation of system and mechanism in the first place, and innovated the land replacement mode, We will implement a flat two-level management system and a comprehensive law enforcement management mechanism of dual management, formulate and introduce 12 management systems, strengthen community coordination and social participation, and orderly promote the ecological relocation and resettlement of core reserves. At the same time, we launched the smart rain forest project of tropical rain forest national park, carried out the pilot construction of electronic fence and sky ground integrated monitoring system in the core reserve, and completed the ecological restoration area of 27192 mu.


From legislation, scope zoning, control planning, management organization, management mechanism to the confirmation of natural resources rights, Hainan Province has completed the pilot task of 3-5 years in more than two years, and has built the "four beams and eight pillars" of Hainan tropical rain forest national park with high quality. In September 2020, the national park system pilot work of Hainan Province ranked first in the country after comprehensive evaluation by the national assessment and acceptance expert group and field inspection team; In December 2020, Hainan Province released the tenth batch of system innovation cases of free trade port, and the new model of "flattening management system, standardizing land replacement and internationalization of scientific research cooperation" created by the pilot project of national park system was successfully selected.


Hainan tropical rain forest national park system pilot area is located in the central mountainous area of Hainan Island, lifting Luoshan National Forest Park in the East, Jianfengling National Nature Reserve in the west, maogan township of Baoting Li and Miao Autonomous County in the south, and Limushan Provincial Nature Reserve in the north, with a total area of 4400 square kilometers, accounting for about 1 / 7 of the land area of Hainan Island.


After more than two years of pilot projects, the construction of Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park has shown four highlights: first, a strong mechanism for central and provincial cooperation has been established to promote the pilot project as a whole and to solve key and difficult problems in a coordinated manner, which has provided strong impetus for Hainan Tropical rain forest national park system pilot; Second, the ecological relocation and resettlement of the core reserve has been steadily promoted. There are 1885 people from 470 households in 11 natural villages in Baisha, Baoting, Wuzhishan and Dongfang, and 498 people from 118 households in Baisha Li Autonomous County have been successfully relocated, and the construction of relocation and resettlement sites in Wuzhishan City has started; Third, through unremitting efforts, the population of gibbons in Hainan has gradually increased from 7-9 in 2 groups in the 1970s to 33 in 5 groups at present, showing a good momentum of continuous expansion; Fourth, combined with the real-time monitoring system, the implementation of grid management, the responsibility of forest management and protection should be implemented to each forest ranger and to the hilltop plot, and the post responsibility column of the management and protection personnel should be established to achieve the full coverage of the management and protection post area.


Ecological relocation helps "green and rich beauty", and villagers participate in building green barriers. After the relocation, the appearance of yinpo village in Nankai township of Baisha Li Autonomous County has changed greatly, and the mental outlook of villagers has also changed. Many young people in the village have become forest rangers.


Hainan Province has listed all natural rainforests as no cutting areas, and strengthened protection and restoration efforts. Through extensive publicity, the concept of National Park has been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Hainan tropical rain forest national park system pilot project has been actively carried out. Barren mountains and mountains are dressed in green, and people and nature coexist harmoniously. Many wild animals and plants that once disappeared have begun to return to their "homes", and rare species such as small claw otter, Chinese palpebral tiger, Hainan wart newt, peach blossom jellyfish and other rare species have "emerged". Hainan forestry bureau announced on April 1, 2020 that nine new plant species have been found in the tropical rain forest National Park Administration for one year.


Build a free trade port, build a solid ecological foundation, and build a happy home“ During the 14th Five Year Plan period, Hainan Province will officially start the construction of Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park, build a nature reserve system with national park as the main body, and strive to create a "Hainan sample" of National Park.


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